Dynamics of Evictions: Results from a Swedish Database

Research has shown that about one quarter of people who are evicted in Europe may become homeless. However, our knowledge of the dynamics behind housing inclusion and exclusion is rather limited. This article includes results from a new database covering all judicial processes registered by the Swedish Enforcement Authority regarding evictions or threats of eviction which occurred in Sweden from 2009 to 2012. These data have, in turn, been linked to several administrative registers for the years 1990 to 2014. Our results show that an overwhelming majority of evictions are caused by rent arrears. Although only 6% of applications for summary proceedings end up with an executed eviction, it is likely that many threatened households move out before to avoid the eviction. Evictees are severely socially deprived. About 15% in the population do not have any labour market income, compared to more than half among the evicted, 14% in the population has a criminal conviction compared to 60% among the evictees, and 7% among the population received means tested social assistance compared to two thirds of the evicted.

Publication Date: 
Swedish Institute for Social Research