The Relationship Between Economic Development and Homelessness in South East Asia

Recent years have seen accelerated globalization growth of South East Asian countries as major centers of manufacturing and information processing. Whilst this stimulates national economies and improves life for some, there remain many millions of people in these countries whom the benefits have not reached yet.

This economic development has been a catalyst for increased rural to urban migration at a time when structural adjustment policies have resulted in the deregulation and privatization of urban services and housing sector. Increasing poverty, massive urbanization of production, and failing state provision have left many people more vulnerable than ever to homelessness.

Drawing on a study of homelessness in nine developing countries, this paper explores the relationship between global economic activity in four South East Asian countries (Bangladesh, China, India, and Indonesia) and increasing levels of homelessness.

Publication Date: 
Department for International Development